In 1914 war erupted in Europe. The United States entered the war on 6 April 1917. Jack was 20 years old and wanted to help in the war effort. We donâ€™t know if he tried to enlist in the US Army, but had he done so he would have been rejected. Jack was a rather short young man, being only five feet and three inches tall. Enlistment in the United States Army was out of the question since their minimum height requirement at that time was 5 feet, 6 inches. The Canadian Army had a much lower height requirement, so Jack went to Canada to enlist.
On Wednesday, 19 December 1917, John was sworn in as a member of the Canadian Expeditionary Force and assigned to Military District 4, 1st Depot Battalion, 1st Quebec Regiment. He was shipped out immediately and arrived in England , 11 May 1918, presumably for training. He was then transferred to the Victoria Rifles, the 24th Battalion, part of the 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division.
From 11 March to 14 June there is no information as to where he was. It is common in US military organizations for a soldier to spend time in a â€śreplacementâ€ť unit until it is determined where he or she is needed most. We assume that is what happened to the missing month.
On Friday, 14 June 1918, John arrived in France and was assigned to the Victoria Rifles, the 24th Battalion, part of the 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division.
His time serving in the trenches of France was short-lived. About two months after arriving, on Sunday, 18 August he was admitted to the Bear Wood Field Hospital. He had been wounded. According to his hospital records he had a â€śgun shot woundâ€ť in his left knee. Surgery was not as well advanced at that time, so the doctors decided not to attempt removal of the bullet because of the possibility of losing the leg. Jack carried the bullet in his knee for the rest of his life.
He jokingly called the bullet his weather vane since any changes in the barometric pressure would cause it to bother him. He could tell two or three days in advance of when it would rain. In fact, I think he was more accurate than the meteorologists on television when I was growing up.
Jack remained in hospital until Saturday, 5 October 1918, when he was reassigned to the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles. Even though they retained the â€śMountedâ€ť in the title, the 5th had been converted to an infantry unit. His wound continued to be a problem and he was sent back to Bear Wood Hospital twelve days later, 17 October. He was finally discharged from Bear Wood on Wednesday, 20 November 1918, and sent to a demobilization unit.
He was sent back to Canada, arriving at Halifax, Nova Scotia, in the ship Olympia on Saturday, 15 February 1919. He was sent to Toronto, Ontario, for final demobilization on Saturday, 15 February 1919, one year and three months after he enlisted. A transportation allowance was issued to cover the cost of his return to New York City.